A doctor may order laboratory work or imaging tests to help determine what is causing your symptoms. Let’s have a look at these tests.
Laboratory tests: Many diseases have signs and symptoms. Samples of your body fluids can occasionally uncover evidence of the particular microbe that is causing your illness. This helps your physician tailor your treatment.
- Blood tests- A technician gets a sample of your blood usually.
- Urine tests- This test takes you to urinate into a container.
To prevent potential contamination of the sample, you might be instructed to cleanse your sex organ area with an antiseptic pad and also to collect the urine midstream.
- Throat swabs- Samples from your throat, or other damp regions of your body, can be obtained with a sterile swab.
- Stool sample- You may be instructed to accumulate a feces sample, therefore, a laboratory can check the sample for parasites alongside other organisms.
- Spinal tap- This process gets a sample of your cerebrospinal fluid by means of a needle carefully inserted between the bones of the lower spine. You will be asked to lie on the side with the knees.
- Imaging scans – Imaging processes like X-rays, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging may help pinpoint investigations and rule out other conditions which could be causing your symptoms.
- Biopsies – During a biopsy, a sample of tissue is obtained from an organ for testing. For instance, a biopsy of lung tissue might be checked for a wide range of fungi that may cause a type of pneumonia.
Treatment: Understanding what kind of germ is causing your disease makes it easier for the doctor to select appropriate treatment.
Antibiotics – Antibiotics are grouped into families of comparable types. Bacteria are assembled in groups of types that are comparable, such as E or streptococcus Coli.
Certain types of bacteria are specifically susceptible to particular classes of antibiotics. Treatment might be targeted more precisely if your physician knows what kind of bacteria you are fighting. Antibiotics are often reserved for bacterial infections because these kinds of drugs have no impact on diseases caused by viruses. But sometimes it’s hard to tell which kind of germ is in work. For instance, some forms of pneumonia are brought on by viruses while others are brought on by bacteria.
The overuse of antibiotics has resulted in different types of bacteria developing resistance to more than one variety of antibiotics. This makes these bacteria much more challenging to treat.
Antivirals – Drugs have been developed to treat some, but not all viruses. Examples include the viruses that cause: HIV/AIDS, Herpes, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Influenza, Antifungals, Topical antifungal drugs that could be used to treat skin or nail infections brought on by fungi.